THE AMARN PERIOD is the period of ancient Egyptian culture, named after Tel-el-Amarna – a settlement on the eastern bank of the Nile, located on the site of Ahetatone – the capital of ancient Egypt , built by the will of Pharaoh Akhenaten (Amenhotep IV), with the years of its reign (1368-1351 biennium BC) this period is connected.
Amenhotep IV conducted a religious reform, introducing a monotheistic cult of the solar disk (Aton), which led to the development of new trends in art.
Typical features of the art of this period are: greater mobility of the figures, the underlined truthfulness of the image (even with the transfer of physical flaws), the vividness of the images of the composition, the introduction of such motifs as lyrics, intimacy, intimacy into art.
The Amarna period includes the world-famous masterpiece – the sculptural portrait of Queen Nefertiti.
Especially tempting is the Amarna period because, despite the enormous artistic, monumental and textual material, we still can not reconstruct the full picture of this remarkable and relatively short phase of Egyptian history. As the British Egyptologist Nicholas Reeves said, “The real problem arising in connection with the Amarna period is mainly due not to a lack of good evidence, but to excessive speculation mistakenly interpreted by the facts.” This statement of Reeves is confirmed by numerous artistic interpretations of some period of Amarna, for example, the play of Agatha Christie (“Akhenaten”), in which one of the heroes says: “I could not get along with Akhenaten. I think he does not have a drop of sense of humor. It is painful he is religious. ” In 1984, Philip Glass’s opera Amnaton was staged in the minimal authentic musical style; The libretto was written in ancient languages ??- Egyptian, Akkadian and Hebrew. Akhenaten and Nefertiti were shown as tragic figures; their spirits dwell in the abandoned ruins of Amarna. We can recall such a sortie of Hollywood in Ancient Egypt, as the film of Michel Curitza “The Egyptian” (1954), directed by Victor Mathyour in the role of Horemheb, based on Miki Valtari’s novel in 1954. Each similar image of Amarna is unique, Probably the most sensible and objective assessment of this period belongs to Margaret Murray, expressed in 1949 (ironically, even before the “Akhenaten industry” earned in full force): “The period of Tell el-Amarna was written much more than any nonsense, than about any other period of Egyptian history … in the case of Akhenaten, the facts do not stand all the complex constructions made on their basis.”
After the death of Akhenaten, his heir, Tutankhamun, restored the polytheistic cult, headed by Amon.