Personal Worldview Inventory Name Institution Instructor Course Date Personal Worldview Inventory A worldview is an individual’s view and perspective about certain fundamental aspects

Personal Worldview Inventory
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Personal Worldview Inventory
A worldview is an individual’s view and perspective about certain fundamental aspects. It can also be described as an individual’s mindset (Meilaender, 2013). Different individuals have different worldviews. This perspective can be influenced by one’s religious beliefs, philosophy, and personal ideologies (Meilaender, 2013). My personal beliefs based on the Christian religion have shaped me over the course of my lifetime. Influences from the society and certain individuals in my community have also influenced my life but the major aspects that have determined my worldviews and the decisions that I make are the belief in God and personal values. Spirituality also influences worldviews (Meilaender, 2013). Spirituality influence how individuals live which is based on God whom is a supreme and a powerful being. Spirituality is dynamic and differs between different individuals depending on the meaning, experience, and the society (Meilaender, 2013). This paper will discuss several definitions of spirituality in the context of pluralism, scientism, and postmodernism.

What Is Prime Reality?
Scientism is a worldview based on knowledge and scientific methods that all that exists can be explained and proved and that which cannot be proved is false and a fantasy (Shelly ; Miller, 2006). Scientism believes in provision of evidence for all happenings in the universe and anything that is not supported with evidence is invalid (Shelly ; Miller, 2006). Religious pluralism believes in God as a sovereign being who cannot be explained by science or the human mind. Spirituality is the freedom to choose how to live on this world based on the commandments of God, which will lead someone either to heaven or to hell (Shelly ; Miller, 2006).
The choice of heaven or hell is determined by the choices and decisions individuals make and their relationship with God. Religious pluralism allows certain religious worldviews to be accepted and recognized with the view that they are multiple ways leading to the same God (Shelly ; Miller, 2006). An example of religious pluralism is the Christian and Muslim religions that have same principles of helping the needy and worshipping God although their perspectives about God are different (Shelly ; Miller, 2006).

What Is The Nature Of The World Around You?
The nature of the world can be described as the relationship between individuals and all other thing in the world. This depends on the importance of certain things to different individuals (Kenneth, 2013). Most things in the world exist due to their connections to other things, which help in the functioning and purpose of all things. God created all things for a purpose, which makes the universe a perfect creation. According to scientism, the universe is a result of chemical reactions and different things are because of evolution and modification to fit their purpose and functioning on the universe (Kenneth, 2013).
What Is A Human Being?
A human being is a creature made in the image of a supreme God (Kenneth, 2013). God created human beings with a sole reason of worshipping him. He created a perfect universe for the human beings to live perfectly serving him until the sin of the first human being, which led to the tragedies and difficulties experienced on the universe, but God has promised to restore human beings to their original purpose at the end of the universe where there shall be a judgment (Kenneth, 2013). Postmodernism and science explains human beings as creature created from matter through a process of evolution and no explanations of our purpose on this universe (Kenneth, 2013).

What Happens To A Person At Death?
Death is a process individuals undergo to cross over to the spiritual world where we shall meet God since God is a supernatural being who cannot be met physically and individuals have to cross over to meet him (Swatos ; Giordan, 2013). Through death, we shall meet God and live with him forever. Death is not the end of life but a transition to a different realm (Swatos ; Giordan, 2013). In scientism, the belief of life is that life has no spiritual relationships and life ends at death. Scientism does not belief in continuation of life after death. There has not been any scientific explanations and evidence that people continue existing after they die (Swatos ; Giordan, 2013). Postmodernism defines the value of life depending on one’s thoughts and meaning of life and so death depends on how one perceives life and its meaning (Swatos & Giordan, 2013).

Why Is It Possible To Know Anything At All?
Scientism’s basis for knowledge is based on the human reasoning and scientific methods to provide explanations. Some of the happening on the universe are complex happenings that cannot be explained by the human mind or scientific explanations (Robinson ; Williams, 2014). In a Christian perspective, it is not possible to know everything as God is a supreme being who does extraordinary things beyond the human mind (Robinson ; Williams, 2014). An example of this can be seen by how he created a perfect universe from the space using only his words and without any materials (Robinson ; Williams, 2014). Christians believe that we are created in his image and gives us the capacity to have knowledge on what is important to us and not everything needs explanations as we all believe it’s God’s miracles at work (Robinson ; Williams, 2014).
How Do People Know What Is Right or Wrong
Scientism does not provide a moral conduct explanation, which influences personal worldviews. Moral conduct is the ability to determine what is right or wrong (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Religious pluralism is based on acceptance and diversity and this can be seen through the different religious systems that co-exist in the society. This system states that no one exclusive religion and beliefs are the ultimate source of values and truths and some religions may have better values than others may (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013).
In scientism, the choice of right or wrong is a decision that individuals make independently based on certain groups, which may include family moral values (Paloutzian ; Park, 2013). Actions are also determined by one’s responsibilities and how certain action will affect the individual. In spirituality like the Christian religion, the right or wrong decision is based on the teachings from the bible, which we believe is the word of God. Muslims also have the Quran to guide their moral conduct (Paloutzian & Park, 2013). These values and morals are influenced to us by religion, certain individuals in the community, and close relatives including parents who instill these principles to their children as they grow up (Paloutzian & Park, 2013).
What Is The Meaning Of Human History?
The meaning of history for individuals following certain religion is creation, the fall of man, and God’s plan for redemption and restoration (Meilaender, 2013). God is loving and kind and has a good plan for everyone. The main purpose of God was a perfect world with perfect humans but due to the fall of man, this plan was destroyed. However, since God is loving and faithful, he is working a redemption plan so he can restore us to our original position and purpose (Meilaender, 2013). Religious pluralism aims at maintaining the independence of all cultural traditions and enabling different religions to be tolerant of other religions. These common beliefs may be common human histories and future plans (Kenneth, 2013).
In postmodernism, the human history is based on the evidence provided by the study of past culture. This is based on the research about cultural background since the start of time (Robinson ; Williams, 2014). In scientism, history is of no value since the human culture keep evolving and modifications are slowly occurring to give a perfect meaning of life and it shall come to an end at a future specific time (Robinson ; Williams, 2014).

References
Kenneth, R. (2013). Pluralism: The future of religion. London: Bloomsbury.

Meilaender, G. (2013). Bioethics: A primer for Christians. Grand Rapids, Mich: William B. Eerdmans Publishing Company.

Paloutzian, R. F., ; Park, C. L. (2013). Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality. New York: Guilford Press.

Robinson, D. N., ; Williams, R. N. (2014). Scientism: The new orthodoxy. London: Bloomsbury Academic, an imprint of Bloomsbury Publishing Plc.

Shelly, J. A., ; Miller, A. B. (2006). Called to care: A Christian worldview for nursing. Downers Grove, Ill: IVP Academic/Intervarsity Press.

Swatos, W. H., ; Giordan, G. (2013). Testing pluralism: Globalizing belief, localizing Gods. Hoboken, NJ: Wiley-Blackwell.