Period 3 Essential Questions:
1. The American Revolution was not really fought about taxes, but it was something that ignited this war. The colonists didn’t mind the taxes, it’s the fact that they didn’t have a say about the new taxes that Britain was imposing. The colonists were enraged of their lack of Parliament representation. For example, a Virginia lawyer named Patrick Henry told the Virginia House of Burgesses that demand that the king’s government recognize all the citizens right, which included the right not to be taxed. The colonists were enraged and so they started boycotting the English goods and trying to repeal all the taxation acts. Then some colonists decided to throw tea from the harbor, which is called as the Boston Tea Party. After this incident the British then responded by passing a series of acts, which is called the Coercive Acts. The response from the colonists was really the start of the American Revolution.
2.The Declaration of Independence was written so that the colonists express why they wanted to free from British rule. This document had been interpreted that it was written to gain the support of the French because the colonists needed help to fight against the British Empire. The French’s military and support help the Americans to win. They helped because they wanted to weaken the British Empire. After the Declaration of Independence was released it gave Englishmen the right to have the freedom of religion, speech, and the freedom of press.
3.The British colonist were fighting for their equal right, yet they were not giving freedom to the India’s, Africans, and even poorer classes of white settlers. The British colonists were being hypocrites. The institution of slavery in the colonies contradicted the idea that “all men are created equal.” The colonists deprived the liberty and the pursuit of happiness of Africans, they suffered more than the colonists. After some time, the Continental Congress then abolished the bringing of slaves and most states went along with this.
4. The Articles of Confederation accomplished in taking over Ohio, which from the Indians. They got this land from making a treaty with the Indians. Another accomplishment from the Articles of Confederation was the Northwest Ordinance of 1787, which was a process to set up 5 new states between the Ohio and Mississippi rivers.
Though the Articles of Confederation mostly a disaster because they did not collect taxes. The national government and the individual states had a huge debt so from the war, so they had to pay through tariffs. The Congress couldn’t enforce this, so the states had to do them individually. This made international trade unpleasant and it worsened because the British didn’t want to trade with them.
5. The Bill of Rights was not written to give us freedom but rather created because of the fear of the powers of the new federal government. The Bill of Rights specifies freedoms that were not directly stated in the Constitution. Also, it was created to protect the individual rights of people. For example, the 1st amendment is about the freedom of religion, speech, petition, and assembly. They didn’t want the government to have total control. It was so that they wouldn’t have a tyrant king who has total control.
6. The validity of this statement is true because of the taxes that were imposed after the Seven Year War. After the Seven Year War the British had a huge dept and they decided to raise taxes. So, the British Government felt that it was only fair for the American colonists to also pay the taxes. The Sugar Act was enforced in 1764 and gave less power to colonial courts and gave British courts the right to try colonial smugglers. The colonists saw this as a threat to their representation. Then in 1765 the Stamp Act was formed, and this act affected all the colonists. All printed material had to be taxed, which mostly affected merchants and lawyers. So, then protesters organized the Stamp Act Congress, in which they declared to boycott British goods. The British Parliament repealed the Stamp Act, but they passed the Declaratory Act.
7. The colonists were having a lot a tax that were being enforced by the British Government. This caused the colonists to become out of control and boycott the British goods.
The colonists weren’t thinking about being free they just wanted to have a saying when the British were imposing the new taxes.
In the restoration of civil liberties, the government was assigned more soldiers around the colonies which made the colonists not able to have as many town meetings or have any political meetings because they were being watched.
8. The Constitution was written and made to be a form a strong federal government. Great Britain had made the Quartering Act which meant that colonists had to house soldiers even if they didn’t want to. That is why the 3rd amendment in the Bill of Rights was made where it is stated that the owner of a house doesn’t need to quarter a soldier during a war. Another reason was because of religious freedom. The Congress kept that idea and made religious toleration present in the constitution.
9. The relationship between the colonists and the crown were not the same after The French and Indian War. Before the war there was an unofficial policy from Britain, which was salutary neglect. But after the war the British Government was issued many acts without the colonist’s opinions the people were not happy. They began being stricter with their policies and with their control over the colonies. The colonists were expressing their concerns about “taxation without representation.” The rigid taxes had led to boycotts and riots and which had indicated that the relationship between the colonists and the British Empire was worsening.
10.The Anti-Federalists opposing to the ratification of the Constitution were supported by the common people. They didn’t see the need for a strong national government and also, they were afraid of it. Their other reasons were because they thought that the Constitution threatened liberties and did not protect individual rights. Although the Anti-Federalists failed their efforts were responsible for the creation of the Bill of Rights.
11.During the American Revolution women were needed to work as cooks and nurses. Some of the women followed the men into their camps. There were rare cases where the women would fight in the war to take the husbands place, as Mary McCauley did in the Battle of Monmouth, or from passing of as a man and servings as a soldier, is what Deborah Sampson did for a year. Also, during this time, the Continental Congress abolished the importation of enslaved people, which most states went along with. Most colonies from the north ended slavery, while in the south some owners voluntarily freed their slaves. Though after decades after the Revolutionary War, more slaveowners came to believe that enslaved labor was essential for their economy.
12. After the colonist’s victory in the Seven Years’ War, they wanted to move to the western lands but then the Proclamation of 1763 happened. This proclamation meant that the colonist couldn’t settle in the west of the Appalachian Mountains because it was reserved territories for the Indians. Many colonists were infuriated since they just fought in a war to move into that territory. Thus, ignored the Proclamation of 1763 and went to settle to that land.
The Stamp Act required for stamps to be placed on most printed paper in the colonies. This was the first tax to be paid directly from the people of the colonies instead of the merchants. The people from the colonies were filled with displeasure when they heard about the Stamp Act. In October, protesters had organized the Stamp Act Congress. They had decided that only the people that they had elected as their representatives had the legal authority to approve taxes. Also, during that meeting they had decided to boycott British goods.
The colonial response to the Coercive Acts was really the start of the American Revolution. In Massachusetts they passed a set of resolutions telling the colonists to disobey the Coercive Acts, to stop paying taxes and to prepare for war. So, in 1774, colonies except Georgia sent delegates to a convention in Philadelphia, the convention is later known as the First Continental Congress. They met so they could coordinate the resistance to the Coercive Acts. The colonists didn’t have a desire for independence but simply wanted to restore the relationship they had with the crown before the Seven Year War.
Period 3 Essential Questions: