Bauhaus-Design from then to now
Table of Contents
TOC o “1-3” h z u Introduction PAGEREF _Toc515617167 h 3Conclusion on ideologies and philosophies PAGEREF _Toc515617168 h 7Bibliography PAGEREF _Toc515617169 h 12
IntroductionIn this assignment I will describe what the influences and impact of the Bauhaus on the design of today is. I will also explain what the ideologies and philosophy of the Bauhaus and how this has an impact on design in a way where the effortlessness of the Bauhaus is seen right through almost every kind of design to this day.
Bauhaus is all about modernism, arts and crafts and constructivism. Bauhaus is the main influence on designs of today especially furniture design. Bauhaus used the cube, an influence from cubism as a basis for all design, which are still a great influence on design today. The Bauhaus movement made use of primary colours, vertical and horizontal line which are influences on design today as a whole. Bauhaus also focused on the “Form follow Function”, they believed that design has a function and every design must be perfectionCITATION Ann12 l 7177 (Hofman, 2012) CITATION Fut12 l 7177 (Future Managers, 2012). See image 1 in the appendix.Graphic Design is influenced by the Bauhaus because they did not just draw people and still life objects they learned to look at things differently. Graphic design was influences by Bauhaus because graphic design was teaching on a different way as other art schools will do, Gropius has changed the way of teaching the art he divided fine art and applied arts in the Bauhaus. He said that there is no difference between an artist and a craftsman he also says they need to learn the basis and look at things differently. Therefore, students were learnt to do typography, advertising, pottery, printmaking and book binding CITATION Coo17 l 7177 (Cook, 2017). See image 2 in the appendix.
Graphic design is also changed in the Bauhaus because Gropius believed that students will only learn to design for function if they had studies they object origins, so he changed the way of students learning by having students work in workshops, so they know the origins. CITATION Coo17 l 7177 (Cook, 2017).
The master in the Bauhaus of graphic design as today was Laszlo Moholy-Nagy, he believed that graphic design must be passion it like the arts and craft, sculpting, paintings, architecture and poster designs. He was focused on the modernism and the modernism was creation with poster design and typography. He also focused on space and time and that’s why he also starts to experience with images. As today we say typo photo this is the concept of type and photography and today we can see it in advertising CITATION The12 l 7177 (The Bauhaus Influences, 2012).
The Bauhaus also try to bring the theoretical aspects in with the practical skills, arts and crafts and with the medieval guild. They also combined the fine arts with the solution to a problem. As today arts and crafts are placed on sculpting and paintings and this is inspired by the way the Bauhaus solved problems. The way the Bauhaus has solved problems had make education in the arts so much bigger and fine arts then change to visual arts and as today this is how we now as today has visual art CITATION Coo17 l 7177 (Cook, 2017). See image 3 in the appendix.
Multimedia was also one of the influences in the Bauhaus, they had focused on designing things with different type of materials but still learning every single one’s origins on how to use the material CITATION Coo17 l 7177 (Cook, 2017). See image 4 in the appendix.
Tactile Design was also important in the Bauhaus they had used different type of materials. The Bauhaus had started the preliminary course, and this course where students were able to work with wood, glass, wire, plate and coal. The students learnt were the origins from these materials came from and how to work with it. In these course students were also learnt that there is no limit. These students then could choose what material they like to develop their own skill, after they had passed this course CITATION The12 l 7177 (The Bauhaus Influences, 2012).
Tactile design was also inspired by industrial designs, they were now experience with different textiles. These relate to tactile design as today. Today people still work with materials they like and know how to work with them to make their own design and to show their skills. So tactile design as we know it today relate back to the BauhausCITATION Bet18 l 7177 (Beth Anderson Wimmer, 2018).
An example of tactile is the Marcel Breuer’s Wassily chair this is the first chair that is made of tubular steel for a domestic setting and this chair was inspired by a bicycle frame. See image 5 in the appendix.
Digital design was also important in the Bauhaus, they saw that after the arts and craft movement they then move to the industrial revolution where speed of production was their goal. Their idea was to put fine art and industrial design into one. They believed that function of a product had to be reflected on the product. They also use patterns, floral decorations, linear and geometric forms on their products. This is also where todays website came from. Websites today uses clunky backgrounds and fixed with websites and this al came from the Bauhaus CITATION Hub16 l 7177 (Hubble, 2016).
The students in the Bauhaus had to learn to deconstruct objects to their origins and to get to the closest geometric shapes and this is where we today have our flat designing. Typography was also important in the Bauhaus they believed to add simple and bold to their fonts instead of ornate and stylized, this was also when the new typography movement was created, and the old stylized and ornate typography movement moved out of the Bauhaus. The Bauhaus also believed to design with these principles, Asymmetric balance of elements, content designed by hierarchy, intentional white space and sans serif typography and this is also where we got our principles of to design digital designs CITATION Hub16 l 7177 (Hubble, 2016). See image 6 in the appendix.
Laszlo Moholy Nagy created the type photo, and this include typography and photography together and this is also where we got our ideas when we design digital CITATION Hub16 l 7177 (Hubble, 2016).
The Bauhaus ideologies and philosophy were all about to be truth to material when they were using materials and the Bauhaus believed that they must use the materials in their original form and that must not be changed like the steel materials should be shown in interior and must not be hiddenCITATION Bet18 l 7177 (Beth Anderson Wimmer, 2018).
The Bauhaus wallpaper was always of cubes and they may not had painted on the walls. The Bauhaus also write in small letters and could only be in san serif and bold they did not mix their typography with small letters and capital letters and they believed to use simple fonts CITATION Sch09 l 7177 (Schjeldahl, 2009). See image 6 in the appendix.
Walter Gropius started ideologies and philosophies of the Bauhaus he said that art is not professional, and that art should be moved to workshop like architecture, sculptors and painters. The Bauhaus was also to make sure that their products was functional and durable while it was also economical and lasted for a long time. They made sure that whether it was paintings, design, furniture or architecture everything was functional. The Bauhaus also used a lot of machines to get mass produced but this lead to negativity influence on creativity, but this also saved time to do mass produced if it was hand made CITATION Sal14 l 7177 (Sala, 2014).
The Bauhaus ideologies and philosophy were also about to think economical. They wanted to make time consuming projects with priceless materials and with controlled finance. The Bauhaus was all about new materials and how to use these materials in new ways. They had used geometric forms to get to these so called new ways. Bauhaus also believed that less is more and that something was not needed to be ornamenting or adding something they believed that organic designs is beautiful, and this is where the Bauhaus movement came in as pure and clean. Students also had to rethink their designs to design clean designs and plan their compositions according to these rules CITATION Her16 l 7177 (Herzog, 2016) CITATION Sal14 l 7177 (Sala, 2014).
Bauhaus was also about form follow function in this way they believed that they needed to design something, but it must have a function. CITATION Sal14 l 7177 (Sala, 2014) See image 7 in the appendix.
There were also ideas that teachers in the school should be male and they must be advanced in their work. The Bauhaus also said that art schools must have various arts, architecture, paintings, theatre, photography, weaving, typography and these various must be in a modern way CITATION Bau08 l 7177 (Bauhaus, 2008).
Conclusion on ideologies and philosophies
Bauhaus still has an impact on today’s design which can especially be seen in the use of geometric forms and functionality that is still being used today and is not outdated yet. Every design today is made accordingly to be functional because designers still believe that designs whatever kind it might be must have a function for it to sell easily. Bauhaus still have an impact on mass produced designs because designers needs mass production to keep the price lower. Bauhaus still has an impact on today’s simplicity and minimalism in all forms of design because even in the world that we live in today less is still more.
Table of Figures/Appendix
TOC h z c “Figure” Figure 1: Cubist Kettle PAGEREF _Toc515558091 h 8Figure 2: Graphic Design in Bauhaus PAGEREF _Toc515558092 h 8Figure 3: Fine art in Bauhaus PAGEREF _Toc515558093 h 9Figure 4: Multimedia of Bauhaus PAGEREF _Toc515558094 h 9Figure 5: Wassily Chair PAGEREF _Toc515558095 h 9Figure 6: Geometric design on wallpaper PAGEREF _Toc515558096 h 10Figure 7: Form Follow Fuction design PAGEREF _Toc515558097 h 10
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 1: Cubism KettleImage 2
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 2: Graphic Design in BauhausImage 3
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 3: Fine art in BauhausImage 4
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 4: Multimedia of BauhausImage 5
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 5:Wassily ChairImage 6
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 6: Geometric design on wallpaperImage 7
Figure SEQ Figure * ARABIC 7: Form Follow Function designConclusion
In this assignment I have conclude that the Bauhaus has still today an impact on design and that we thin things is new, but it is not it already started in the Bauhaus and I also came to a conclusion that the Bauhaus have given us as designers the surface to base our design on.
Bibliography BIBLIOGRAPHY Bauhaus. (2008, November 20). The Bauhaus. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from Bauhaus: http://bauhaus.chrissnider.com/pages/philosophy.html
Beth Anderson Wimmer. (2018, May 31). The Bauhaus Movement. Retrieved May 05, 2018, from Bauhausinteriors: http://bauhausinteriors.com/blog/the-bauhaus-movement/
Cook, W. (2017, November 10). The Endless Influence Of The Bauahus. Retrieved May 20, 2018, from BBC: http://www.bbc.com/culture/story/20171109-the-endless-influence-of-the-bauhaus
Future Managers. (2012). Die Bauhaus. In F. Managers, Ontwerp (p. 498). South Africa: Future Managers. Retrieved May 20, 2018
Herzog, N. (2016, May 21). These are the Key Points of the Bauhaus Manifesto. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from Widewalls: https://www.widewalls.ch/bauhaus-manifesto-key-points/
Hofman, A. (2012, September 05). Quick History: The Bauhaus ; Its Influence. Retrieved May 20, 2018, from Apartmenttherapy: https://www.apartmenttherapy.com/post-241-93344
Hubble, E. (2016, July 06). The Bauhaus Effect In Modern Web Design. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from https://www.ve.com/blog/bauhaus-effect-modern-web-design
Sala, A. W. (2014, March 17). Dial-a-Style 1: Bauhaus Design. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from Sitepoint: https://www.sitepoint.com/nailing-detail-bauhaus-design/
Schjeldahl, P. (2009, November 16). Bauhaus Rules. Retrieved May 31, 2018, from the NewYorker: https://www.newyorker.com/magazine/2009/11/16/bauhaus-rules
The Bauhaus Influences. (2012, May 09). Retrieved May 21, 2018, from 99 Designs: https://99designs.com/blog/design-history-movements/know-your-design-history-the-bauhaus-movement/