2.2.4. Integrated solid waste management
UN EPA, (2002) states that waste is obstruction, recycling, burning, composting, and removal in properly intended, constructed, and managed landfills. Each of these activities requires careful planning, financing, collection, and transport. An effective system considers how to stop, recycle, and direct solid waste in ways that most effectively protect human health and the atmosphere .The priorities of good supply management are uttered by the ‘3Rs’ – reduce, reuse, recycle. The waste pecking regulate refers to the “3 Rs”, which classify waste administration strategies according to their attractiveness in terms of waste minimization. The plan of the waste pecking order is to remove the utmost practical benefits from products and to produce the least amount of waste (ANRs Environmental 2007).
Re-use (Pongalacz, 2002) stated that second favorite option after waste minimization. Re-use for the same purpose is included in the waste minimization options, but re-use for another purpose is planed as waste management option. However, re-use for another purpose is not included in mending options of the Waste instruction Operations which may lead to remove in many directions.
Recycle, is a process that involves collecting, reprocessing, and recovering certain waste to the original product (United States EPA, 2002). Recycling conserves natural resources by reducing the need for new material and it helps to conserve energy, reduce pollution, conserve land, and to save money. Recycling in the short term is not always economically profitable, but the economic consequences are positive in the long term. Recycling will save money if potential landfill sites are used for more productive purposes and by reducing pollution-related illnesses (Encarta, 2009).
Reduce plummeting waste by not producing it. It is planned create and get back of materials so as to decrease the extent toxicity of waste produced. Reduce the quantities of waste being generated, is significant to bring waste expansion rates under control (Conserve Energy Future, NA).